Bhavishya Purana is Attributed to the Sage Vyasa

The Bhavishya Purana (भविष्य पुराण) is one of the eighteen major works in the Purana genre of Hinduism, written in Sanskrit. The title Bhavishya means “future” and implies it is a work that contains prophecies regarding the future. The Bhavishya Purana exists in many inconsistent versions, wherein the content and their subdivisions vary, and five major versions are known. Some manuscripts have four Parvam (parts), some two, others don’t have any parts. The text as it exists today is a composite of material ranging from the medieval era to the modern era. The available versions of Bhavishya Purana are based on a printed text published during the British colonial era.

Bhavishya Purana Meaning

The Bhavishya Purana is one of the eighteen major Hindu Puranas, which are ancient texts that contain a wide range of stories, legends, religious teachings, and prophecies. In short, the term “Bhavishya Purana” can be translated as the “Purana of the Future” or the “Prophetic Purana.” It is named so because it contains prophecies and predictions about future events, particularly concerning the future of India, kings, and dynasties. The Bhavishya Purana is considered to be a significant religious and historical text in Hinduism.

Kalki Avatar - The Remover of Darkness – Hinduism Facts
Kalki Avtar as Mentioned in Bhavishya Purana

Origin of Bhavishya Purana

It is one of the eighteen major Puranas in Hinduism, and its origins can be traced back to ancient India. It is believed to have been composed between the 4th and 8th centuries CE, but its exact date of origin is uncertain. The Purana is considered one of the later Puranas, which means it was likely composed after some of the more ancient Puranas.

Bhavishya Purana Structure

It is one of the major Hindu Puranas, and like other Puranas, it follows a specific structure. Its structure can be summarized as follows:

Suta Samhita (Suta’s Narration)

This Purana begins with a framework story where the sage Suta narrates the content of the Purana to a group of sages in the forest of Naimisha. This introduction sets the stage for the stories and prophecies that follow.

Pratisarg Parva (The Book of Creation and Re-creation)

This section deals with the creation of the universe, the cosmic cycles, and the various incarnations of Lord Vishnu. It explains how the world is created and destroyed in a cyclical manner.

Tirtha-yatra Parva (The Book of Pilgrimages)

This section discusses the significance of pilgrimage sites, their locations, and the rituals to be performed at these sacred places. It also contains stories associated with various holy sites.

Swarga-arohanika Parva (The Book of Ascension to Heaven)

This part of the Purana narrates stories of individuals who achieved salvation and ascended to heaven due to their virtuous deeds and devotion to deities.

Prapati-moksha Parva (The Book of Surrender and Liberation)

This section discusses the importance of surrendering to a higher power, typically a deity or Lord Krishna, as a means of achieving liberation (moksha) from the cycle of birth and death (samsara).

Uttar Parva (The Final Book)

The final section contains various prophecies and predictions about future events. It includes stories about the future of kings and dynasties, the advent of Kalki, the future avatar of Lord Vishnu, and other events yet to come.

The unique aspect is its emphasis on prophecies and predictions, especially concerning future events in India and the world. This aspect sets it apart from many other Puranas and makes it of particular interest to those seeking insights into the future based on Hindu cosmology and religious beliefs.

What are the prophecies and predictions of Bhavishya Purana?

The Bhavishya Purana is one of the eighteen major Hindu Puranas, and it is known for its prophetic content. It is attributed to the sage Vyasa. The Bhavishya Purana contains a mix of mythology, history, and predictions about the future. Some of the notable prophecies and predictions include:

Prophecy about Jesus Christ

One of the most well-known predictions in the Bhavishya Purana is the mention of Jesus Christ. It is said to contain a conversation between Lord Krishna and the sage Shishya, where Krishna predicts the advent of a powerful spiritual leader named Isa-Masiha, who is believed by some to be a reference to Jesus Christ.

Future Kings and Events

The Bhavishya Purana also provides predictions about future kings and rulers, as well as events that will take place in the Kali Yuga (the current age according to Hindu cosmology). It includes details about the reigns of various kings, battles, and social conditions that are believed to unfold in the future.

Growth of Islam

Some interpretations suggest that the Bhavishya Purana predicts the rise and spread of Islam, including the conquest of India by Muslim rulers. However, interpretations of these prophecies can vary, and they are often subject to different viewpoints.

Prophecies about Future Rulers

The Purana contains prophecies about future rulers and dynasties, detailing their characteristics and actions. These predictions are often presented in the form of conversations between deities or sages who have the ability to see into the future.

Golden Age (Satya Yuga)

Like many Hindu scriptures, the Bhavishya Purana predicts cycles of time, with different ages known as Yugas. The text foretells the arrival of a new Golden Age (Satya Yuga) after a period of decline and degradation. This is seen as a time of righteousness, virtue, and spiritual enlightenment.

Kali Yuga Challenges

The Bhavishya Purana, like other Puranas, describes the current age, Kali Yuga, as a period of moral and spiritual decline. It predicts various challenges, including societal decay, corruption, and a decrease in spiritual values. However, it also suggests that the cycle will eventually turn, leading to a new era of righteousness.

Spiritual Resurgence

Some interpretations suggest that the Bhavishya Purana predicts a spiritual resurgence in India. This could involve the revival of dharma (righteousness) and the re-establishment of a just and virtuous society.

Dharma and Kingship

The Purana often discusses the importance of dharma (righteousness) and the role of righteous kings in upholding order and justice. It predicts the coming of kings who will restore dharma and lead the people on a righteous path.

Confluence of Cultures

Some interpretations suggest that the Bhavishya Purana envisions a confluence of different cultures and religions in India. This is seen as a synthesis rather than a conflict, leading to a harmonious and spiritually enriched society.

It’s important to note that interpretations of the Bhavishya Purana’s prophecies can be subjective, and different scholars and readers may understand them in various ways. Some people believe in the prophetic nature of these texts, while others view them more metaphorically or allegorically. Additionally, the authenticity and dating of these texts are often debated among scholars. As with many ancient texts, the Bhavishya Purana is open to diverse interpretations.

Bhavishya Purana Contents

The Bhavishya Purana is a complex and extensive text with a wide range of contents, including historical narratives, religious teachings, and prophecies. Here’s a brief overview of some of its major contents:

Creation and Cosmology

Like many other Puranas, the Bhavishya Purana contains stories and teachings related to the creation of the universe, the cycles of time, and the concept of cosmic order. It explains the role of deities like Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva in the creation and preservation of the world.

Mythological Stories

The Purana features various mythological stories and legends from Hindu mythology. These stories often revolve around Gods, Goddesses, Sages, and legendary figures, illustrating moral and spiritual lessons.

Religious Rituals and Practices

The text provides guidance on religious rituals, worship, and practices. It describes the performance of various ceremonies, the importance of offerings, and the significance of festivals and religious observances.

Pilgrimage Sites

The Bhavishya Purana discusses the importance of pilgrimage sites in Hinduism. 

Prophecies and Predictions

One of the distinctive features of the Bhavishya Purana is its focus on prophecies. It contains numerous predictions about the future, including the rise and fall of dynasties, the advent of future rulers, and the destiny of India. The text often presents these prophecies in the form of conversations between deities and sages.

Kalki Avatar

The Purana foretells the arrival of Kalki, the future and final incarnation of Lord Vishnu, who is prophesied to appear in the distant future to restore righteousness and bring about the end of the current age (Kali Yuga).

Future Events

The Bhavishya Purana includes descriptions of future events and happenings. It discusses various historical events and occurrences, sometimes in a cryptic and symbolic manner.

Teachings and Morality

Throughout the text, there are teachings on ethics, morality, and the path to spiritual realization. It conveys the importance of virtues, dharma (righteousness), and the pursuit of knowledge.


The Bhavishya Purana incorporates portions of the Manusmriti, an ancient legal and ethical text that provides guidelines for human conduct and societal order.

Dialogue and Conversations

The Bhavishya Purana is a diverse and multifaceted text, and its contents span a wide spectrum of subjects. 

Bhavishya Purana Significance

The Bhavishya Purana holds significance in Hinduism for several reasons:

Prophecies and Predictions

It contains predictions about future events, especially concerning the destiny of India, the rise and fall of dynasties, and the coming of Kalki, the future avatar of Lord Vishnu. This prophetic element has drawn the attention of individuals interested in divination and foretelling the future.

Religious Teachings

Like other Puranas, the Bhavishya Purana imparts religious and moral teachings. It provides guidance on rituals, worship, ethics, and dharma (righteousness). It serves as a spiritual and moral guide for those seeking to understand and follow Hindu religious principles.

Historical Significance

The Purana contains historical narratives and stories that shed light on the ancient cultural and religious practices of India. These narratives contribute to the understanding of the country’s rich history and heritage.

Cultural and Literary Value

The Bhavishya Purana, like other Puranas, contributes to the preservation of ancient Indian culture, mythology, and literature. It serves as a source of stories, legends, and cultural traditions that have influenced art, literature, and performing arts in India.

Religious Devotion

Devotees and followers of Hinduism often turn to the Bhavishya Purana for spiritual inspiration and insight. The text’s teachings on devotion, morality, and the worship of deities can deepen one’s religious understanding and commitment.

Interpretation and Scholarship

Scholars and researchers in the fields of religious studies, history, and Indology study the Bhavishya Purana to gain insights into the beliefs, practices, and historical context of ancient India. Its complex structure, content, and prophetic elements make it an intriguing subject for academic study and interpretation.

While the Bhavishya Purana is significant within Hinduism and Indian culture, it is essential to note that its prophetic content and historical accuracy are subjects of debate and interpretation. Some view it as a valuable source of insight into Hindu cosmology and tradition, while others approach it with a more critical and speculative perspective. The significance of the Bhavishya Purana varies depending on one’s personal, religious, or academic interests.

Prominent mythological story from Bhavishya Purana

The Bhavishya Purana contains a wide range of mythological stories, and one notable story found within this Purana is the tale of the “Cursed Vamana Avatar.” This story is an interesting variation of the well-known Vamana avatar story, where Lord Vishnu incarnates as a dwarf Brahmin to subdue the demon king Bali.

Here’s a summary of the mythological story from the Bhavishya Purana:

Cursed Vamana Avatar

In this version of the story, King Mahabali (also known as Bali) is a virtuous and generous ruler, loved by his subjects. However, his power and popularity pose a threat to the Gods, and they become concerned about his growing influence. Lord Vishnu, therefore, decides to intervene to test Bali’s devotion and humility.

Vishnu takes the form of Vamana, a diminutive Brahmin boy, and approaches King Bali. Bali, renowned for his benevolence, agrees to the request and offers the land. However, as soon as Vamana takes his first step, he expands to an enormous size, covering the entire Earth. With the second step, he covers the heavens. Realizing the divine nature of Vamana, Bali offers his own head as the place for the third step.

Vamana then places his foot on Bali’s head and sends the king to the netherworld. 

The story illustrates themes of humility, devotion, and the omnipotence of the divine. It conveys the message that even in moments of testing, devotion, and surrender to the divine can lead to blessings and forgiveness.

It’s important to note that this version of the Vamana avatar story, as found in the Bhavishya Purana, offers a unique perspective on the popular narrative and reflects the diversity of stories within Hindu mythology.

Lord Vamana -
Vamana Avtar as per Bhavishya Purana

Bhavishya Purana Influences

Indologist Theodor Aufrecht noted the Bombay manuscript edition to be a modern-era “literary fraud” that plagiarized excerpts from the Pentateuch (Bible) brought to India by early missionaries. In the same way, the Bhavishya Purana takes ideas from Semitic, Mesopotamian, Persian, Christian, and other sources. 

Bhavishya Purana Teachings

Some of the great and beneficial teachings of the Bhavishya Purana include:

Dharma (Righteousness)

The Bhavishya Purana emphasizes the importance of following dharma, which refers to the path of righteousness and moral duty. It teaches individuals to act ethically and in accordance with their responsibilities in society.

Devotion and Bhakti

The Purana promotes devotion to deities and encourages individuals to develop a strong, loving relationship with God. It highlights the significance of sincere devotion and worship as a means to attain spiritual growth and liberation.

Karma (Action)

The Bhavishya Purana stresses the concept of karma, where one’s actions have consequences. It teaches that individuals should perform their duties and actions with a sense of responsibility and detachment from the outcomes.

Pilgrimage and Sacred Sites

It encourages seekers to visit holy locations to attain spiritual purification and growth.

Virtues and Morality

The Purana promotes virtues such as truthfulness, compassion, humility, and non-violence. It teaches that living a virtuous life is essential for spiritual progress.

Detachment and Renunciation

The Bhavishya Purana discusses the value of detachment from worldly desires and possessions. It encourages individuals to practice renunciation to reduce attachment to material pursuits.

Eternal Truth

It conveys the idea of an eternal and unchanging truth that underlies the transient world. By recognizing this truth, individuals can transcend the cycle of birth and death.

Spiritual Knowledge

The Purana encourages the pursuit of spiritual knowledge and wisdom. It emphasizes the significance of learning from wise sages and gurus to gain a deeper understanding of the self and the divine.

Surrender to God

The Bhavishya Purana teaches the concept of surrendering to the divine, trusting in God’s will, and relying on divine grace for spiritual progress and salvation.

Respect for All Beings

It promotes respect for all living beings and underscores the interconnectedness of all life. This includes kindness to animals and treating all individuals with respect and compassion.

Importance of Charity

The Purana encourages acts of charity and selfless service to help those in need. 

Prophecies and Future Guidance

The Bhavishya Purana offers guidance and predictions about future events, which can serve as a source of inspiration and insight for those interested in the unfolding of cosmic and historical events.

It’s important to note that interpretations of the Bhavishya Purana’s teachings may vary, and individuals may focus on different aspects of the text based on their spiritual and philosophical inclinations. Ultimately, the teachings of the Bhavishya Purana, like those of other Hindu scriptures, aim to guide individuals on a path toward self-realization, moral conduct, and spiritual growth.


In conclusion, the Bhavishya Purana is an ancient and significant Hindu text known for its prophetic content, religious teachings, and diverse narratives. Its prophecies about future events and the advent of Kalki, the final avatar of Lord Vishnu, have captured the imagination of many. The Purana imparts valuable lessons on dharma, devotion, morality, and the pursuit of spiritual knowledge. It serves as a source of spiritual inspiration, cultural heritage, and historical insights, contributing to the rich tapestry of Hindu literature and philosophy. While the Bhavishya Purana’s prophetic nature remains debatable, its teachings continue to influence the lives and beliefs of those who turn to its pages for guidance and wisdom.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the Bhavishya Purana?

The Bhavishya Purana is one of the eighteen major Hindu Puranas, an ancient text containing religious teachings, historical narratives, and prophecies about the future.

What does the term “Bhavishya” mean in Bhavishya Purana?

“Bhavishya” means “future.” 

What are the main themes of the Bhavishya Purana?

The main themes include prophecies, religious teachings, morality, dharma (righteousness), devotion to deities, and the eternal truth.

What are some famous prophecies in the Bhavishya Purana?

Notable prophecies include predictions about the future of India, the Kalki avatar, and the fate of dynasties and rulers.

What is the significance of the Bhavishya Purana in Hinduism?

The Purana is significant for its prophetic nature, religious teachings, and historical insights. 

Is the Bhavishya Purana widely read and followed today?

While it is not as commonly read as some other Hindu texts like the Bhagavad Gita or Ramayana, it still holds relevance for those interested in its unique content and teachings.

Are the prophecies in the Bhavishya Purana considered accurate?

The accuracy of the prophecies is a subject of debate, and interpretations vary. Some people believe in their validity, while others approach them with skepticism.

What can one learn from the Bhavishya Purana?

Readers can learn about Hindu religious practices, morality, the importance of devotion, and the concept of dharma. The text also provides insights into Indian history and culture.

These FAQs offer concise answers to common questions about the Bhavishya Purana, addressing its content, significance, and historical context.



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