Padma Purana is Valuable Source of Righteous Life

The Padma Purana (पद्मपुराण) is one of the eighteen Major Puranas, a genre of texts in Hinduism. It is an encyclopedic text, named after the lotus in which the creator God Brahma appeared, and includes large sections dedicated to Vishnu, as well as significant sections on Shiva and Shakti. The manuscripts of Padma Purana have survived into the modern era in numerous versions, of which two are major and significantly different, one traced to eastern and the other to western regions of India. It is one of the voluminous texts, claiming to have 55,000 verses, with the actual surviving manuscripts showing about 50,000. There is a Purana-style, but entirely different Jainism text that is also known as Padma Purana and includes a Jain version of the Ramayana.

Padma Purana Meaning

For the Hindu people, the Padma symbolizes life beginning in water. They believe that Lord Brahma materialized from Lord Vishnu seated on a lotus plant. Other Hindu deities like Saraswati (Goddess of learning) and Lakshmi (Goddess of wealth) are also identified with the Padma. Purana means “ancient” or “old.” Puranas are considered one of the most ancient Indian literature about Hinduism. In fact, the Puranas are post-Vedic Texts and are regarded as the fifth Veda. Sage Vyasa is known to be the compiler of the Puranas from age to age.
Lord Brahma images Wallpaper & Picture Collection in HD Quality
Brahma Purana: Lord Brahma Sitting on Padma (Lotus)

Padma Purana History

Padma Purana Exists in numerous versions

The Padma Purana, like other Puranas, exists in numerous versions. One major recension, traced to the Bengal region, has five Khandas (Parts, Books) and an appendix, but has neither been published nor translated. The second major different recension, traced to the western region of India, has six Khandas and is the adopted and oft-studied version since the colonial British India era. 

The Bengal edition is older. The Bengal edition is notable in that the 39 chapters on Dharma-shastra are missing from the Shristikhanda book, in all versions of its manuscripts.

The composition date is unknown

The composition date of Padma Purana is unknown. Estimates vary between the 4th and 15th century CE. Some parts of the text may be from the 750 to 1000 CE period. The extant manuscripts and ones widely studied, states Wilson, are very likely to have been written or revised well after the 14th century, probably in the 15th or 16th century, because they describe later era major temple sites of south India and sites in the Vijayanagara Empire.

No portion of the versions of the Padma Purana available in the 19th century, wrote Wilson, is “probably older than the 12th century”. Asoke Chatterjee, in 1963, suggested that the text may have existed between the 3rd and 4th century CE, but the text was rewritten and greatly expanded over the centuries and through the second half of the 17th century. The Padma Purana categorizes itself as a Sattva Purana (One Which Represents Goodness And Purity).

Padma Purana Contents

Bengal and the West Indian Versions of Padma Purana

This text exists in two versions (Recensions), the Bengal and the West Indian. The Bengal recension consists of Five Khandas (Sections):

  • Shrishti Khanda,
  • Bhumi Khanda,
  • Svarga Khanda,
  • Patala Khanda, and
  • Uttara Khanda.

The latter recension consists of Six Khandas:

  • Adi Khanda (also known as the Svarga Khanda in some printed editions),
  • Bhumi Khanda,
  • Brahma Khanda,
  • Patala Khanda,
  • Srishti Khanda, and
  • Uttara Khanda.


The Bhumi Khanda of the Bengal recension contains an additional thirteen chapters, while the Patala Khanda of this recension contains thirty-one additional chapters. The Srishti Khanda can be divided into two parts; the second is not found in the Bengal recension.

The first eighteen chapters of the first part (Khanda) of the text are notable for their description of Lake Pushkar, near Ajmer in Rajasthan as a Brahma pilgrimage site, followed by chapters with Vishnu-oriented presentation.


The second part of the text is called Bhumikhanda and is largely a book of legends woven into a pilgrimage guide. The third part of the text, called Svargakhanda, presents Cosmology, the geography of India, its rivers, and a description of places.

The fourth part of the text, called Brahmakhanda, glorifies Vishnu and discusses seasons, festivals such as one dedicated to Goddess Radha, rituals, and the Tulasi plant. The fifth part of the text, called Patalakhanda, presents Rama as an Incarnation of Vishnu, Sita as an Incarnation of Lakshmi, and presents a version of their story that is different from one found in the Valmiki’s Ramayana. The fifth part also includes chapters where Shiva and Parvati discuss the character of Krishna, as well as a significant collection of chapters that glorify Shiva.

The last part

The last part, called Uttarakhanda, contains legends and mythology associated with Indian festivals, eighteen chapters called Gita Mahatmya, followed by chapters of Bhagavata Mahatmya and Shiva Gita, discussion of soul and liberation, quotes from the UpanishadsYoga, and the Advaita Vedanta doctrines. The text, in some versions of the manuscripts, ends with Kriya-Yogasara which is a discussion of ethics and hospitality to guests.

230 Vishnu ideas | vishnu, lord krishna images, lord vishnu wallpapers
Padma Purana Contents: Teachings of Lord Vishnu

Other texts of Padma Purana with the same title

Several Purana-like texts of other Indian religions such as Jainism and Buddhism are also known as Padma Purana. These include the Padma-Purana (also called Padma-Caritam) by the 7th century Ravisena of the Digambara tradition of Jainism, written in Sanskrit. 

Other texts with same name include those by (Balabhadrapurana) or Raidhu (15th century), the Padma-Purana of Somadeva (1600), the Padma-Purana of Dharmakirti (1612), the Padma-Purana of Bhattaraka Candrakirti (c. 17th century), and two undated texts by Candrasagara and by Sricandra. These belong to the Apabhramsa genre of Indian literature.

Significance of Padma Purana

This Purana is one of the 18 Mahapuranas, a genre of ancient Indian scriptures that contain a wide range of religious, mythological, historical, and moral teachings. The word “Padma” in its name refers to the lotus flower, which holds significance in Hinduism as a symbol of purity and divine creation. The Padma Purana is particularly important in the context of Hinduism for several reasons:

Doctrinal Teachings

Like other Puranas, the Padma Purana provides religious and philosophical teachings. It covers various aspects of dharma (righteousness), karma (action and its consequences), devotion (bhakti), and spirituality. These teachings are presented in the form of stories, dialogues, and narratives, making them accessible to a wide range of readers.

Mythological Narratives

The Padma Purana contains a wealth of mythological stories and legends, including the creation of the universe, the genealogy of Gods and sages, and the exploits of deities like Vishnu and Shiva. These stories are not only entertaining but also serve to convey moral and ethical lessons.

Religious Practices

It provides information on various religious practices, rituals, and ceremonies, including those related to worship, festivals, and pilgrimage. This guidance is valuable for Hindus seeking to understand and perform their religious duties correctly.

Historical Information

While not a historical chronicle in the modern sense, this Purana contains references to historical events, dynasties, and geographical locations. This can be of interest to scholars studying ancient Indian history and culture.

Bhakti Tradition

This Purana is known for its emphasis on bhakti (devotion) as a means of attaining spiritual realization and liberation (moksha). It highlights the significance of devotion to various deities and outlines different paths to spiritual salvation.

Ethical and Moral Lessons

Many stories within this Purana convey ethical and moral lessons, making it a valuable source of guidance for leading a virtuous and righteous life.

Iconography and Iconology

It includes descriptions of various deities, their attributes, and their forms. This information has been important in the development of Hindu iconography and temple architecture.

Cultural Significance

This Purana, like other Puranas, has played a crucial role in shaping the cultural and religious landscape of India. It has influenced art, literature, music, and various aspects of Indian culture for centuries.

In summary, the Padma Purana is a significant text within Hinduism due to its multifaceted nature, encompassing religious, mythological, philosophical, and practical aspects of the faith. It continues to be studied and revered by scholars and practitioners of Hinduism for its rich content and spiritual guidance.

Padma Purana Teachings

This Purana is one of the eighteen Mahapuranas, a genre of ancient Hindu scriptures. An overview of its teachings:

Devotion to deities

The Padma Purana emphasizes the importance of devotion and worship to various Hindu deities, including Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva, Goddess Durga, and many others. It describes the forms, attributes, and rituals associated with their worship.

Karma and its consequences

The Purana discusses the concept of karma, which is the law of cause and effect. It explains that actions performed by individuals have consequences, either in their lives or future lives, and emphasizes the need to perform righteous actions to attain positive outcomes.

Pilgrimages and holy places

The Padma Purana describes various holy places, pilgrimage sites, and their significance in Hinduism. It highlights the benefits of visiting these sacred locations and undertaking spiritual journeys.

Rituals and observances

The Purana provides guidance on religious rituals, observances, and sacraments for different stages of life, such as birth, marriage, and death. It describes the rituals in detail and explains their significance and proper performance.

Morality and ethical conduct

The Purana promotes moral values, ethical conduct, and righteous living. It emphasizes virtues such as truthfulness, compassion, non-violence, and generosity, and cautions against vices such as dishonesty, greed, and cruelty.

Yoga and spiritual practices

The Purana contains teachings on various forms of yoga, including Bhakti Yoga (the path of devotion), Karma Yoga (the path of selfless action), and Jnana Yoga (the path of knowledge). It provides instructions and techniques for spiritual practices to attain self-realization and union with the divine.

Mythological stories and legends

Like other Puranas, the Padma Purana includes numerous mythological stories, legends, and narratives about Gods, Goddesses, Sages, and historical figures. These stories serve to illustrate moral and spiritual lessons and convey profound teachings in an engaging manner.

Cosmology and cosmogony

The Purana describes the creation of the universe, the cycles of time, and the various realms of existence in Hindu cosmology. It explores the nature of reality, the interplay of Gods and demons, and the purpose of human life within this cosmic framework.

It’s important to note that the teachings of this Purana, like other ancient scriptures, are multifaceted and complex. They often require interpretation and contextual understanding. Scholars and spiritual teachers may delve deeper into specific sections or themes of the Purana to elucidate its teachings and philosophical insights.

Bhakti Yoga in Philosophy -
The Greatest Teaching of Padma Purana is Bhakti (Devotion)


In conclusion, the Padma Purana is a magnificent testament to ancient India’s profound wisdom and spiritual heritage. Through its sacred verses and captivating narratives, this sacred text illuminates the timeless truths of dharma, devotion, and divine grace. It guides seekers on a transformative journey, offering insights into the nature of existence, the path to liberation, and the boundless glory of the divine. This Purana serves as a beacon of knowledge, inspiring generations to cultivate inner virtues, practice selfless service, and awaken their souls to the eternal essence that dwells within. 

After reading this article, how would you rate it? Would you please let me know your precious thoughts? 

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) about the Padma Purana with brief answers:

What is the Padma Purana?

The Purana is one of the 18 major Puranas, a genre of ancient Indian scriptures that contain religious, mythological, and philosophical teachings.

What does the name “Padma Purana” signify?

The name “Padma” in this Purana refers to the lotus flower, symbolizing purity and divine creation in Hinduism.

What is the significance of the Padma Purana in Hindu literature?

The Purana plays a significant role in preserving and transmitting Hindu religious and cultural traditions. It contributes to the understanding of Hindu philosophy and practices.

Are there different versions or recensions of the Padma Purana?

Yes, like many ancient texts, the urana exists in different regional versions and recensions, with variations in content and emphasis.

What is the central message of the Padma Purana?

The Purana imparts teachings on dharma (righteousness), karma (action and its consequences), devotion (bhakti), and spirituality, emphasizing the importance of leading a virtuous life.

How is the Padma Purana relevant to modern Hindus?

The Purana continues to be relevant as a source of religious and moral guidance for modern Hindus. It offers insights into Hindu traditions and spiritual practices.

Are there English translations of the Padma Purana available?

Yes, there are several English translations and commentaries on the Purana, making its teachings accessible to a wider audience.

Please note that these are concise answers to common questions about the Purana, and a more detailed exploration of its content and significance is possible through scholarly study and analysis.



Related Posts


Comments are closed.