Parvati (पार्वती), Uma (उमा), or Gauri (गौरी) is the Hindu Goddess of power, energy, nourishment, harmony, love, beauty, devotion, and motherhood. In her complete form, she is a physical representation of Mahadevi (महादेवी), also known as Adi Shakti (आदि शक्ति), the primordial power behind the creation of the universe, the creator and destroyer. She is one of the central deities of the Goddess-oriented sect called Shaktism, and the supreme Goddess in Shaivism. Parvati is the wife of the Hindu God Shiva. She is the reincarnation of Sati (सती), the first wife of Shiva who immolated herself during a yajna (fire-sacrifice). Parvati is the daughter of the mountain king Himavan and Queen Mena. Parvati is the mother of the Hindu deities Ganesha and Kartikeya. The Puranas also reference her to be the sister of the river Goddess Ganga, and the preserver God Vishnu.
Why Parvati is defined as Shiva-Shakti?
Origin of Parvati
Roles of Parvati
What are the other names of Parvati?
How is Parvati associated with Lord Shiva?
Why to worship Parvati?
How to worship Parvati?
Which are the important festivals of Parvati?
Major temples dedicated to Parvati
She is often present with Shiva in Saivite Hindu temples all over South Asia and Southeast Asia. Some locations (Pithas or Shaktipeeths) are considered special because of their historical importance and legends about their origins in the ancient texts of Hinduism.
List of temples in Asia
Each major Parvati-Shiva temple is a pilgrimage site that has an ancient legend associated with it, which is typically part of a larger story that links these Hindu temples across South Asia with each other. Some temples where Parvati can be found include:
- Karnataka: Chamundeswari Temple Mysore
- Kerala: Annapurneshwari Temple, Cherukunnu, Attukal Bhagavathy Temple, Chakkulathukavu Temple, Chengannur Mahadeva Temple, Oorpazhachi Kavu, Irumkulangara Durga Devi Temple, and Kadampuzha Devi Temple
- Maharashtra: Tulja Bhavani Temple
- Meghalaya: Nartiang Durga Temple
- Tamil Nadu: Meenakshi Amman Temple, Kamakshi Amman Temple, Sri Siva Durga Temple, Bannari Amman Temple, Samayapuram Mariamman Temple, Vekkali Amman Temple, Mutharamman Temple, Kulasekharapatnam, Tiruverkadu Devi Karumariamman Temple, Nellaiappar Temple, Kapaleeshwarar Temple, Masani Ammam temple, Gomathi Amman, Punnainallur Mariamman
- Tripura: Tripura Sundari Temple
- Uttar Pradesh: Vishalakshi Temple, Vishalakshi Gauri Temple and Annapurna Devi Temple
List of temples Outside India
Boisselier has identified Uma in a Champa-era temple in Vietnam.
Dozens of ancient temples dedicated to Parvati as Uma, with Siva, have been found in the islands of Indonesia and Malaysia. Her manifestation as Durga has also been found in southeast Asia. Many of the temples in Java dedicated to Siva-Parvati are from the second half of the 1st millennium AD, and some from later centuries. Durga icons and worship have been dated to be from the 10th- to 13th century.
Derived from Parvati’s form as Mahakali, her nipponized form is Daikokutennyo (大黒天女).
Holy books where Parvati has been described
In conclusion, Parvati stands as a central figure in Hindu mythology and spirituality. She is revered as the Goddess of love, devotion, fertility, and strength, symbolizing divine feminine energy. Whether as the devoted wife of Lord Shiva, the nurturing mother of Lord Ganesha and Kartikeya, or the fierce warrior Goddess Durga, She embodies various facets of femininity and spirituality. Her presence is not limited to a single holy book or scripture but is woven throughout Hindu mythology, demonstrating her enduring significance as a source of inspiration, devotion, and empowerment for millions of devotees worldwide. Her stories and attributes continue to resonate with those seeking the divine feminine and the balance of power and compassion in their spiritual journeys.
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