Panchayatana Puja Attributed to the Theologian Adi Shankaracharya

Panchayatana puja (पंचायतन पूजा) also known as Pancha Devi Deva Puja is a system of puja (worship) in the Smarta sampradaya, which is one of four…

Adi Shankara is the First Creator of Auspiciousness

Adi Shankara (आदि शङ्कर), also called Adi Shankaracharya (आदि शङ्कराचार्य) was an Indian Vedic scholar and teacher (acharya) of Advaita Vedanta. He is seen as…

Sankhya is Traditionally Attributed to the Sage Kapila

Sankhya (सांख्य) is a dualistic orthodox school of Hindu philosophy. It views reality as composed of two independent principles, Puruṣa (‘consciousness’ or spirit) and Prakṛiti (nature or matter, including the…

Samsara is the Cycle of Death and Rebirth

Samsara (संसार) is a Pali and Sanskrit word that means “wandering” as well as “world,” wherein the term connotes “cyclic change” or, less formally, “running around…

Honesty is Absence of Lying, Cheating, and Theft

Honesty (ईमानदारी) or truthfulness is a facet of moral character that connotes positive and virtuous attributes such as integrity, truthfulness, straightforwardness (including straightforwardness of conduct: earnestness), and the…

Achourya Refers to the Principle of Non Stealing

Achourya (अचौर्य) or Asteya (अस्तेय) is the Sanskrit term for “non-stealing”. It is a virtue in Jainism. The practice of asteya demands that one must not steal, nor have…

Satya Signifies a Concept of Ultimate Reality and Authenticity

Satya (सत्य) is a Sanskrit word loosely translated as truth or essence. It also refers to a virtue in Indian religions, referring to being…

Ahimsa is the Ancient Indian Principle of Nonviolence

Ahimsa (अहिंसा) is the ancient Indian principle of nonviolence which applies to actions towards all living beings. It is a key virtue in Indian religions like Jainism, Buddhism, Hinduism,…

Samskara are a Basis for the Development of karma Theory

Samskara or Sanskaras (संस्कार) in Indian philosophy and some Indian religions are mental impressions, recollections, or psychological imprints. In Hindu philosophies, Samskaras are a basis for…

Brahmacharya Generally Refers to the Practice of Celibacy or Moderation

Brahmacharya (ब्रह्मचर्य) is a concept within Indian religions that means “conduct consistent with Brahma” or “on the path of Brahma”. In Yoga, Hinduism generally refers to…